Which of the following characteristics is associated with just in time?
Several characteristics of a just-in-time production process are: Daily or hourly deliveries of small quantities of parts from suppliers. Certification of supplier quality, so that no receiving inspections are needed. The use of kanbans to drive the demand at each workstation.
Which is not a part of JIT?
Visibility measures used in just-in-time (JIT) would NOT include: Displays showing improvement techniques and checklists. Samples of competitor’s products, including good and defective items. Hidden TV cameras to monitor individual staff at work.
Which of the following statements is true about just in time inventory?
Answer: The correct answer is letter “C”: It is the minimum inventory necessary to keep a perfect system running. Explanation: Just in Time (JIT) inventory is a system of supplying goods as close as possible to when they are needed.
What are the goals of JIT partnerships?
-Removal of in-transit inventory by encouraging suppliers to locate nearby and provide frequent small shipments. The shorter the flow of material in the resource pipeline, the less inventory. -Obtain improved quality and reliability through long-term commitments, communication, and cooperation.
What is the ultimate goal of JIT?
The ultimate goal of JIT is to eliminate inventory, to have minimal work in process inventory monitored by reduction in working capital. JIT considers 7 types of wastes.
What are the building blocks of JIT?
There are five elements of personnel and organization that are particularly important for JIT systems and they are: workers as assets, cross-trained workers, continuous improvement, cost accounting, and leadership/project management.
What is the ultimate goal of a lean system what are the supporting goals what are the building blocks?
Supporting goals are to (1) eliminate disruptions, (2) make the systemflexible, and (3) eliminate waste, especially excess inventory. The building blocks are (1) product design, (2)process design, (3) personnel/organizational elements, and (4) manufacturing planning and control (see Figure 14.1 for more details).
What are the five 5 Reasons given by suppliers for their reluctance to use JIT systems 5 marks?
What are the five reasons given by suppliers for their reluctance to enter into JIT systems? The five reasons are desire for diversification, poor customer scheduling, engineering changes, quality assurance, and small lot sizes. Identify the LAYOUT tactics appropriate for a JIT environment.
What is one of the elements of planning a successful conversion to a lean system?
A successful conversion to a lean system requires that every vendor use lean approaches prior to the organization’s implementation. The single-minute exchange of die is a system for reducing defective product. In a balanced system, cycle time is equal to Takt time.
Why is it called kanban?
Kanban (Japanese: 看板, meaning signboard or billboard) is a scheduling system for lean manufacturing and just-in-time manufacturing (JIT). The system takes its name from the cards that track production within a factory. Kanban is also known as the “Toyota nameplate system” in the automotive sector.
What are some of the major obstacles encountered when converting to lean just?
what are some of the major obstacles encountered when converting to lean/just in time operations from traditional methods? -suppliers may resist for various reasons- frequent deliveries, burden of quality, etc. Lean, which originated at Toyota, uses many Japanese terms for its concepts.
What are the greatest challenges for implementing JIT?
quality, poor quality of supplied parts, difficulty establishing systems to support JIT, poor and/or inaccurate data, difficulty establishing accounting practices to support JIT, training difficulties, lack of JIT information, lack of top management support, lack of employee support, union difficulties, difficulty
Which elements of Lean are the most difficult to implement?
Understanding these key issues is a vital building block for developing your own lean implementation plan.
- Supply Chain Issues. Lean manufacturing includes the minimization or near elimination of storage time for incoming materials and outgoing products.
- Employee Development.
- Cultural Issues.
- Technological Challenges.
Which two characteristics are the most difficult for managers to implement and sustain?
Two of the most difficult characteristics for manager to implement and sustain in my opinion are Total Productive Maintenance and Quality at the Source.
What are the 3 types of change?
The three types of change are: static, dynamic, and dynamical.
What are 4 things key to change management?
What is Effective Organizational Change Management?
- Clearly define the change and align it to business goals.
- Determine impacts and those affected.
- Develop a communication strategy.
- Provide effective training.
- Implement a support structure.
- Measure the change process.
What are the five steps of change management?
5 Steps in the Change Management Process
- Prepare the Organization for Change.
- Craft a Vision and Plan for Change.
- Implement the Changes.
- Embed Changes Within Company Culture and Practices.
- Review Progress and Analyze Results.
What should a change management plan include?
Some of the key aspects of an effective change management process include a communication plan, a sponsorship roadmap, a resistance management plan, a coaching plan and a training plan. More specifically, a change management plan should fulfill the following purposes: Provide a case for change. Facilitate communication.