What are the 8 risk factors?

El-Refai focuses on eight risk factors for heart disease: diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol, weight, family history, sleep and stress.

What is health risk factors give examples?

Health risk factors like smoking, excessive drinking, illicit medicine use, lack of physical activity, inadequate fruit and vegetable intake and overweight have powerful influences on health, and there are frequently clear inter-regional differences between the prevalence of these.

What are risk and protective factors?

Risk factors are characteristics at the biological, psychological, family, community, or cultural level that precede and are associated with a higher likelihood of negative outcomes. Protective factors are characteristics associated with a lower likelihood of negative outcomes or that reduce a risk factor’s impact.

What are 4 risk factors for addiction?

Biological factors that can contribute to someone’s risk for drug abuse and addiction include:
  • Genetics. You may have heard that medicine and alcohol addiction can run in families.
  • Developmental stage.
  • Sensitivity to drugs.
  • Mental illness.
  • Gender.
  • Ethnicity.

What are the 6 protective factors?

The six protective factors that have been identified by the United States Department of Health and Human Services include:
  • Nurturing and attachment.
  • Knowledge of parenting and child development.
  • Parental resilience.
  • Social connections.
  • Concrete supports for parents.
  • Social and emotional competence of children.

What are 5 protective factors?

Five Protective Factors are the foundation of the Strengthening Families Approach: parental resilience, social connections, concrete support in times of need, knowledge of parenting and child development, and social and emotional competence of children.

What are 3 key risk factors that operate in infancy and early childhood?

Key risk factors known to affect child development may be broadly grouped into those affecting (1) the wider community and environment in which the child and family live, often termed the social determinants of health [2] (poverty, lack of access to education, environmental stressors, poor water and sanitation); (2)

What are risk factors for youth?

Risk and Protective Factors

Early aggressive behavior, lack of parental supervision, academic problems, undiagnosed mental health problems, peer substance use, medicine availability, poverty, peer rejection, and child abuse or neglect are risk factors associated with increased likelihood of youth substance use and abuse.

What contributes to violence?

Family dynamics: Stressful family environments, such as role modeling of inappropriate behavior,24 conflict in the home,10, 25 lack of fathers in the home, inadequate parenting skills,10 and poor communication can contribute to students’ feelings of worthlessness- which can manifest as violence.

Can violence be predicted?

The ability to accurately predict violence and other forms of serious antisocial behavior would provide important societal benefits, and there is substantial enthusiasm for the potential predictive accuracy of neuroimaging techniques.

What are some risk factors for juvenile delinquency?

Family characteristics such as poor parenting skills, family size, home discord, child maltreatment, and antisocial parents are risk factors linked to juvenile delinquency (Derzon and Lipsey, 2000; Wasserman and Seracini, 2001).

What are environmental factors in crime?

Environmental factors that contribute to juvenile crime and violence include violent and permissive families, unstable neighborhoods, and delinquent peer groups. Most violent behavior is learned behavior. Early exposure to violence in the family may involve witnessing either violence or physical abuse.

What are the six areas of risk and protective factors in juvenile delinquency?

According to the Study Group on Very Young Offenders, a group of 39 experts on child delinquency and child psy- chopathology convened by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), risk factors for child delinquency operate in several domains: the individual child, the child’s family, the child’s

What are the most important risk factors that early delinquency prevention should target?

The four areas of risk factors are: individual, family, peer, and school and community. Individual risk factors include early antisocial behavior, poor cognitive development, hyperactivity and emotional factors, such as mental health challenges.

What are the characteristics of juvenile delinquency?

A large number of individual factors and characteristics has been associated with the development of juvenile delinquency. These individual factors include age, gender, complications during pregnancy and delivery, impulsivity, aggressiveness, and substance use.

What are protective factors in offending?

For example, ageing, stable employment, marriage, sobriety, lack of stress, and good mental health, have all been found to have a protective effect on criminal behavior (Laub & Sampson, 2001).