What are the 4 types of valves?

The 4 heart valves are:
  • Tricuspid valve. This valve is located between the right atrium and the right ventricle.
  • Pulmonary valve. The pulmonary valve is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery.
  • Mitral valve. This valve is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle.
  • Aortic valve.

How many types of plumbing valves are there?

Solid wedge gate valve. Flexible wedge gate valve. OS&Y gate valve or rising stem valve. Non-rising stem gate valve or insider screw valve.

Which valves are used in water lines?

Ball Valve

Ball valves are perhaps the most reliable type of valve and are commonly used for main water shutoffs and for branch line shutoffs. Like gate valves, a ball valve is designed as an all-or-nothing valve—they should be either fully open to allow full flow, or fully closed to stop all water flow.

What are the three types of valves?

All of the most common types of automated valves fall into one of three main categories. They are linear, rotary, and self-actuated. There are a variety of valve types within each of these categories each having its own benefits. This training course is focused on rotary and linear actuated valves.

What are the two main types of valves in water supply systems?

  • Ball Valves. Ball valves tend to be increasingly found in newer homes.
  • Butterfly Valves. Butterfly valves have a design similar to ball valves with a rotating metal disc (nicknamed the “butterfly”) on a rod.
  • Check Valves.
  • Faucet Valves.
  • Gate Valves.
  • Globe Valves.
  • Pressure Relief Valves.
  • Supply Stop Valves.

What are the two types of heart valves?

tricuspid valve: located between the right atrium and the right ventricle. pulmonary valve: located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery. mitral valve: located between the left atrium and the left ventricle. aortic valve: located between the left ventricle and the aorta.

How do I know what type of valve I have?

The tag itself should identify the valve, usually by showing the valve number. The type of valve and the system the valve is part of typically are identified. For example, the valve tag might read “200# Main Steam Shut Off.” This identifies the valve as the shutoff valve in the 200-pound main steam line.

What is the most common type of valve?

A gate valve is the most common type of valve in any process plant. It is a linear motion valve used to start or stop fluid flow. In service, these valves are either in a fully open or fully closed position.

What is the difference between check valve and ball valve?

Ball check valves should not be confused with ball valves, which is a different type of valve in which a ball acts as a controllable rotor to stop or direct flow. A diaphragm check valve uses a flexing rubber diaphragm positioned to create a normally-closed valve.

How do I know what size valve I need?

Always measure the inside diameter of the inlet/outlet port. This will identify the size of valve in question. A common mistake is that people measure the outside diameter of the inlet/outlet ports of a valve. There is one exception to this rule – if working with tubing – measure the outside diameter of the tubing.

What is CV in control valve?

Valve Flow Coefficient (Cv) is a valve’s capacity for a liquid or gas to flow through it. It is technically defined as “the volume of water at 60°F (in US gallons) that will flow through a valve per minute with a pressure drop of 1 psi across the valve.”

How do you calculate valve CV?

The volume flow rate for liquids can be calculated by multiplying the fluid velocity times the flow area. Thus, Cv is numerically equal to the number of U.S. gallons of water at 60°F that will flow through the valve in one minute when the pressure differential across the valve is one pound per square inch.

How do you identify a butterfly valve?

Butterfly valves has a short circular body, a round disc, metal-to-metal or soft seats, top and bottom shaft bearings, and a stuffing box. The construction of a Butterfly valve body varies. A commonly used design is the wafer type that fits between two flanges.

How do I choose a butterfly valve?

Factors to Consider When Choosing Butterfly Valves
  1. Wafer lug or grooved end connections.
  2. Press-to-connect ends selection.
  3. Broad range of sizes.
  4. Lug or wafer types.
  5. Ductile iron, cast iron, CPVC materials.
  6. Lead-free* selection.
  7. Fire protection selection.
  8. High performance selection.

What is the flow characteristic of a butterfly valve?

Through the first 70° of rotation it exhibits an equal percentage type flow characteristic. The flow characteristic through the last 20° of rotation exhibits more of a linear or slight quick opening type flow characteristic. Butterfly valves are typically utilized in three different applications.

What is the function of butterfly valve?

What is a Butterfly Valve? A butterfly valve is a mechanism that regulates the flow of materials within large pipe diameters by the quarter-turn rotation of a disc. A rod feeds through the center of a disc and this rod is connected to an actuator that controls the motion of the disc.

Why is it called a butterfly valve?

In the cylindrical passage of the butterfly valve body, the disc rotates about the axis to achieve flow control. The valve is fully open when the disc reaches 90°, and changing the angle of the disc can adjust the flow of the medium.

What is a butterfly valve used for?

Butterfly valves are used where space is limited. Unlike gate valves, butterfly valves can be used for throttling or regulating flow as well as in the full open and fully closed position. The pressure loss through a butterfly valve is small in comparison with the gate valve.